Asean Agreement On Transboundary Haze Pollution Indonesia

The agreement was reached in 2002, but it has some basis in a 1990 agreement between ASEAN environment ministers, which called for efforts to harmonize practices to prevent and reduce cross-border pollution. [5] But despite the countless treaties, agreements and institutions, cross-border turrality remains a problem. Moreover, ratification of the agreement by all Member States is unlikely to affect existing efforts to tackle the problem, since, as in most (if not all) ASEAN agreements, the agreement is still supported by respect for the `ASEAN way`. Given the different periods of the traditional dry season in the northern (mekong) and southern regions of ASEAN, two sub-regional air pollution steering committees have been established to address specific drought-related problems in the regions concerned: the sub-regional Haze Pollution Steering Committee (MSC), composed of Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand; and the Sub-Regional Ministerial Steering Committee on Haze Cross-Border Pollution in the Mekong Sub-Region (MSC Mekong), composed of Cambodian PDR, Laonese, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. The MSC and MSC-Mekong both met separately each year. Each MSC and MSC Mekong is assisted by a technical working group (GTT and TWG Mekong). [7] Point 14 of the 15th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on the Environment and the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the ASEAN Convention on Cross-Border Haze Pollution. asean.org/15th-asean-ministerial-meeting-environment-15th-meeting-conference-parties-asean-agreement-transboundary-haze-pollution/ The agreement is a response to an environmental crisis that hit Southeast Asia in the late 1990s. The crisis was caused mainly by the grubbing up of agricultural land by open combustion islets on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Satellite images confirmed the presence of hotspots in Kalimantan/Borneo, Sumatra, the Malay Peninsula and other locations, where an estimated 45,000 square kilometres of forest and land were burned.

[3] Malaysia, Singapore and, to some extent, Thailand and Brunei were particularly hard hit. Slash-and-Burn is the cheapest and fastest way to prepare the land for planting. But it produces stuffers that harm the health of humans and wild animals. Emissions from forest transformation in Indonesia contribute to global warming. [19] www.nst.com.my/world/2019/08/508945/indonesia-declares-emergency-forest-fires-rage-sumatra-kalimantan Article 11 of the Hague Agreement required States Parties to implement the duel treaty, Indonesia could, for example, pass laws to extend the powers of the BNPB and local civil protection authorities at the provincial level to implement measures to prevent and mitigate cross-border crises. Following severe land and forest fires from 1997 to 1998, ASEAN Member States (AMS) signed the ASEAN Convention on Cross-Border Pollution of Haze (AATHP) on 10 June 2002 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, to prevent, monitor and mitigate cross-border forest fires and forest fires through concerted national efforts, regional and international cooperation.

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