In June 2012, China declared that « Sino-Indian relations » could be the « most important bilateral partnership of the century. »  This month, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh set a goal of increasing bilateral trade between the two countries to $100 billion by 2015.  The United States and Russia (formerly the Soviet Union) have been an integral part of the evolution of Chinese and Indian relations. As a great power, Japan was also part of Zus`s relationship. Indian China with initiatives such as the four-party dialogue on security. Pakistan and China are sharing their relationship to contain India and advance Chinese infrastructure projects in the disputed northern region of India. The Middle East, Latin America and Africa are places where India and China engage and compete. The Middle East is important to both countries in terms of energy security. In Africa, China and India appear to be most engaged on a wide range of issues, from development to peacekeeping. In South Asia and Southeast Asia, there is a power struggle between China and India in relations with third countries.
 On 10 May 2020, clashes broke out between Chinese and Indian troops in Nathu La, sikkim, injuring 11 soldiers.    After the skirmishes in Sikkim, tensions between the two Ladakh countries escalated with the formation of troops in several places.  On the night of 15-16 June, 20 Indian soldiers and an unknown number of PLA soldiers were killed.  China has reinforced its troops near the Indian border with Tibet, Chinese media reported.  Bilateral agreements between India and China prevent the use of weapons along the effective line of control; But these skirmishes saw the first shots fired, warning shots fired in decades.  Relations between China and India today have been marked by border conflicts that have resulted in three military conflicts: the Sino-Indian War of 1962, the Chola incident in 1967 and the Sino-Indian skirmish of 1987.  In early 2017, the two countries collided on the Doklam Plateau along the controversial Sino-Bhuta border.  However, since the late 1980s, the two countries have succeeded in re-establishing diplomatic and economic relations. In 2008, China became India`s largest trading partner and the two countries also developed their strategic and military relations.    Letter of intent between NITI Aayog and the Development Research Centre While agreements are maintained, the massive mobilization of troops, tanks, armoured vehicles and air defence facilities very close to the LAC is contrary to conditions.